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National Science Day 2023: History, Significance, Theme & its Importance in nation building

Picture Supply : FREEPIK Nationwide Science Day 2023

Nationwide Science Day 2023: It’s celebrated yearly on February 28 in India, to commemorate the outstanding work of Indian physicist CV Raman within the subject of sunshine scattering. Raman is called one of many biggest scientists and an inspiration to many. This yr’s version is being celebrated below the theme of “World Science for World Wellbeing”, in gentle of India’s G20 presidency. Theme-based science communication actions are carried out all around the nation on the event of Nationwide Science Day.  

Nationwide Science Day 2023: Historical past

In 1986, the Authorities of India, designated February 28 as Nationwide Science Day to commemorate the announcement of the invention of the “Raman Impact”. Conducting a easy experiment, Raman found that when a stream of sunshine passes by a liquid, a fraction of the sunshine scattered by the liquid is of a unique color. The invention was instantly recognised as groundbreaking within the scientific group and have become the topic of over 700 papers within the first seven years after its announcement. Ramam was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930 for a similar. 

On the event of the primary Nationwide Science Day (28 February 1987), the Nationwide Council for Science & Expertise Communication (NCSTC) had introduced the establishment of the Nationwide Science Popularization awards for recognizing excellent efforts within the space of science and communication.

Nationwide Science Day 2023: Information & Significance

NCSTC of the Division of Science & Expertise (DST) is a nodal company to help catalyze and coordinate the celebration of the Nationwide Science Day all through the nation, significantly in scientific establishments & analysis laboratories. 

DST instituted Nationwide Awards in 1987 to stimulate, encourage and acknowledge excellent efforts within the space of science popularization and communication and in selling scientific mood.

Sir CV Raman, who obtained the very best civilian award from his house nation, the Bharat Ratna, in 1954, started his experiments for learning the scattering of sunshine; and thus got here the Raman Spectroscopy for observing the vibrational, rotational and different low-frequency modes in a system. That is generally utilized in chemical laboratories and serves because the ‘fingerprint’ for the substance from which the sunshine is scattered.

Based on the academy quotation, the Nobel Prize in Physics 1930 was awarded to Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman “for his work on the scattering of sunshine and for the invention of the impact named after him”.

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